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Anastrepha suspensa (Loew)

[under construction]

Recognition
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Anastrepha suspensa differs .

Classification and Evolutionary Relationships
Order: Diptera. Family: Tephritidae. Genus: Anastrepha. Species: suspensa. Author: Loew.
Relationships among the species of Anastrepha were analyzed by Norrbom et al. (1999) and McPheron et al. (1999). Click here for more detailed discussion of Anastrepha phylogeny. Anastrepha suspensa has been placed in the fraterculus species group.

Names Used for this Species
Trypeta suspensa Loew 1862: 69.
Anastrepha suspensa: .
Anastrepha unipuncta Seín 1933: 190. Synonymy (    ).
Anastrepha longimacula Greene 1934: 146. Synonymy (    ).
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Click here to link to fly names database

Type Data
suspensa: Lectotype - Male (Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University (MCZ)), Cuba; designated by inference of holotype by Greene (1934: 148).
unipuncta: Holotype - Female (National Museum of Natural History (USMN)), Puerto Rico: Rio Piedras.
longimacula: Holotype - Female (National Museum of Natural History (USMN)), Jamaica: Hope [Botanical Gardens, Kingston].

Distribution
Anastrepha suspensa was known originally from the Greater Antilles and Bahamas. It was introduced and now occurs in much of Florida (USA).
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Biology
The biology of A. suspensa is

Economic Significance
Anastrepha suspensa, commonly known as the Caribbean fruit fly, is a pest of guava, citrus, mango, and various other cultivated fruits.

References
Key references are listed below. See fruit fly literature database for additional references.
McPheron, B. A., H.-Y. Han, J. G. Silva & A. L. Norrbom. 1999. Phylogeny of the genera Anastrepha and Toxotrypana (Trypetinae: Toxotrypanini) based upon 16S rRNA mitochondrial DNA sequences, p. 343-361. In M. Aluja & A. L. Norrbom, eds., Fruit flies (Tephritidae): Phylogeny and evolution of behavior. CRC Press, Boca Raton. [16] + 944 p. [phylogeny]
Norrbom, A. L., R. A. Zucchi & V. Hernández-Ortiz. 1999. Phylogeny of the genera Anastrepha and Toxotrypana (Trypetinae: Toxotrypanini) based on morphology, p. 299-342. In M. Aluja & A. L. Norrbom, eds., Fruit flies (Tephritidae): Phylogeny and evolution of behavior. CRC Press, Boca Raton. [16] + 944 p.  [classification & phylogeny]
Stone 1942:


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Content by Allen L. Norrbom. Last Updated: February 7, 2003.