Catalogue Query Results

Brevennia (Brevennia) rehi (Borchsenius)


Ripersia sacchari; Maxwell-Lefroy, 1908: 128. Misidentification.

Ripersia sacchari niger Fletcher, 1916: 62. Nomen nudum; discovered by Williams, 1985: 65.

Ripersia sacchari oryzae Fletcher, 1917: 177. Type data: INDIA: Tirhut and Bihar, on rice. Syntypes, unknown. Described: female. Homonym of Ripersia oryzae Kuwana, 1907; discovered by Lindinger, 1943c: 265. Notes: Type material probably lost.

Ripersia oryzae Green, 1931b: 557. Type data: INDIA: Tanjore District, Aduthurai, on Oryza sativa. Lectotype female, by subsequent designation Williams, 1985: 65. Type depository: London: The Natural History Museum, England, UK. Described: female. Homonym of Ripersia oryzae Kuwana, 1907.

Ripersia oryzae Green, 1931c: 65. Homonym of Ripersia oryzae(Kuwana, 1907); discovered by Ben-Dov, 1994: 65.

Rhizoecus cynodontis Bodenheimer, 1943: 16. Type data: IRAQ: Basra, on Cynodon dactylon. Lectotype female, by subsequent designation Ben-Dov, 1991: 6. Type depository: Bet Dagan: Department of Entomology, The Volcani Center, Israel. Described: female. Synonymy by Ben-Dov, 2008: 85.

Ripersia rehi Lindinger, 1943a: 152. Replacement name for Ripersia oryzae Green.

Tychea rehi; Lindinger, 1943b: 265. Change of combination.

Brevennia (Brevennia) femoralis Borchsenius, 1949: 270. Type data: USSR: Tadzhikistan, Stalinvada, collected ix and xi, 1944, Borchsenius; Azerbaijan, Lenkoransk region, on Cynodon dactylon, collected vi.1947, Borchsenius. Syntypes, female. Type depository: St. Petersburg: Zoological Museum, Academy of Science, Russia. Described: female. Synonymy by Ben-Dov, 2008: 85. Notes: Lectotype designated in Danzig & Gavrilov, 2011: female, "Peliococcus femoralis Borchs., Azerbaijan, vicinity of Lenkoran, on steams of Cynodon dactylon, 22.VI.1947, No. 525"

Pseudorhodania marginata Borchsenius, 1962a: 244. Type data: CHINA: Yunnan Province, Chindung, on grass. Holotype female. Type depository: Beijing: Institute of Entomology, Academy of Sciences, China. Described: female. Illust.

Heterococcus rehi; Williams, 1970: 141. Change of combination.

Heterococcus femoralis; Miller & McKenzie, 1970: 443. Change of combination.

Heterococcus tuttlei Miller & McKenzie, 1970: 447. Type data: U.S.A.: California, Imperial County, Bard, on Cynodon dactylon. Holotype female. Type depository: Davis: The Bohart Museum of Entomology, University of California, California, USA. Described: female. Illust. Synonymy by Miller, 1973a: 372.

Brevennia rehi; Miller, 1973a: 372. Change of combination.

Brevennia cynodontis Ben-Dov, 1991: 6. Synonymy by Danzig & Gavrilov-Zimin, 2013: 466.

Brevennia marginata Danzig & Gavrilov-Zamin, 2012a: 786. Synonymy by Danzig & Gavrilov-Zimin, 2013: 466-467.

Brevennia (Brevennia) rehi; Danzig & Gavrilov-Zimin, 2012a: 791. Change of combination.

COMMON NAMES: rice mealybug [Willia1970DJ, WilliaRaBr1981]; tuttle mealybug [MillerMc1970].

FOES: HYMENOPTERA Encyrtidae: Apoleptomastix bicoloricornis Girault [Stocks2012], Rhopus nigriclavatus (Girault) [AbdRab2001d].

HOSTS: Arecaceae: Ptychosperma sp. [Stocks2012]. Cyperaceae: Cyperus [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, Willia2004a], Cyperus pygmateus [Varshn1992], Cyperus rotundus [Green1931b, Willia1970DJ, Miller1975DR, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a]. Juncaceae: Juncellus pygmaeus [Green1931b, Willia1970DJ, BenDov1994, Willia2004a]. Poaceae [MillerMc1970], [Borchs1962, BenDov1994], Andropogon annulatus [Ali1973a, Willia1970DJ, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Anthistiria imberbis [Ali1973a], Apluda [Ali1973a], Apluda varia [Willia1970DJ, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Brachiaria [Stocks2012], Cenchrus calyculatus [ChenKoLi1997], Chloris barbata [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, BenDov1994], Cymbopogon caesius [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, BenDov1994], Cynodon [WilliaGr1992], Cynodon dactylon [Bodenh1943, Willia1970DJ, MillerMc1970, Miller1973a, Miller1975DR, Willia1985, Varshn1992], Cyperus serotinus [ChenKoLi1997], Dactyloctenium aegyptium [Willia1970DJ, Miller1975DR, ChenKoLi1997, Stocks2012], Dactyloctenium australe [BenDov2008], Digitaria abscendens [ChenKoLi1997], Digitaria henryi [ChenKoLi1997], Digitaria sanguinalis [Ramakr1930, BenDov1994, Willia1970DJ], Echinchloa crus-galli oryzicola [ChenKoLi1997], Echinochloa crus-galli formosensis [ChenKoLi1997], Eleusine aegyptica [Ali1973a], Eleusine coracana [Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Eleusine indica [ChenKoLi1997, Stocks2012], Eragrostis interrupta [Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Eriochloa polystachya [Willia2004a], Fimbristylis argentea [Green1931b, Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Fimbristylis miliacea [Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Fimbristylis tenera [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Heterachne abortiva [GrimshDo2007], Imperata arundinacea [Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Isachne australis [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, BenDov1994], Ischaemum ciliare [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Iseilema laxum [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, BenDov1994], Leptochloa chinensis [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, ChenKoLi1997, BenDov1994], Leptochloa polystachya [Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Oryza sativa [Maxwel1908, VanHeu1923, Willia1970DJ, LiuTa1988, BenDov1994, ChenKoLi1997, Willia2004a], Panicum colonum [Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Panicum javanicum [Willia1970DJ, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Panicum maximum [ChenKoLi1997], Panicum prostatum [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, BenDov1994], Panicum repens [Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, ChenKoLi1997, Willia2004a], Paspalum dilatatum [ChenKoLi1997], Paspalum distichum [ChenKoLi1997], Paspalum scrobiculatum [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, BenDov1994], Saccharum officinarum [Willia2004a], Saccharum spontaneum [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, BenDov1994], Setaria glauca [Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, Ali1973a, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Sorghum [Borchs1949, BenDov1994, MyartsKaPo1995], Sorghum vulgare [Varshn1992, MillerMc1970, Willia1970DJ, Miller1975DR, BenDov1994, Willia2004a], Zoa mays rugosa [ChenKoLi1997], Zoysia sp. [Stocks2012]

DISTRIBUTION: Australasian: Australia (Northern Territory [WilliaRaBr1981, Willia1985, BenDov1994], Queensland [GrimshDo2007]); Hawaiian Islands (Hawaii [Beards1979, BenDov1994]). Australasian: Indonesia (Java [VanHeu1923, Willia1970DJ]). Australasian: New Britain [WilliaRaBr1981, WilliaWa1988a, BenDov1994]; Papua New Guinea [WilliaWa1988a]. Nearctic: United States of America (Arizona [MillerMc1970, Miller1975DR, BenDov1994], California [MillerMc1970, Miller1975DR, BenDov1994], Florida [Miller1973a, Miller1975DR, BenDov1994, Stocks2012], Texas [CABI1979a, BenDov1994]). Neotropical: Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul [new]); Puerto Rico & Vieques Island (Puerto Rico [CABI1979a, WilliaGr1992, BenDov1994]); U.S. Virgin Islands [WilliaGr1992, BenDov1994]. Oriental: Bangladesh [Willia1970DJ, AlamKa1981, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a]; Burma (=Myanmar) [Shroff1920, Ghosh1940, Willia1970DJ, Crowe1985, Varshn1992, BenDov1994]; India [Maxwel1908, Ramakr1930, Willia1970DJ, Varshn1992, BenDov1994] (Andhra Pradesh [Varshn1992, Willia2004a], Bihar [Varshn1992, Willia2004a], Goa [Willia2004a], Karnataka [Varshn1992, Willia2004a], Kerala [Varshn1992], Madhya Pradesh [Varshn1992, Willia2004a], Maharashtra [Varshn1992], Odisha [Varshn1992, Willia2004a], Tamil Nadu [Varshn1992, Willia2004a], West Bengal [Varshn1992, Willia2004a]); Nepal [Willia1970DJ, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a]; Pakistan [Willia1970DJ, Miller1975DR, Varshn1992, BenDov1994, Willia2004a]; Philippines [Willia2004a]; Sri Lanka [SiriseMaWa2013]; Taiwan [LiuTa1988, BenDov1994, ChenKoLi1997]; Thailand [CABI1979a, BenDov1994]. Palaearctic: Afghanistan [KozarFoZa1996]; Azerbaijan [Borchs1949, BenDov1994]; China [Borchs1962a, Tang1992, TangHaTa1992, BenDov1994] (Xizang (=Tibet) [HuYaLi1986]); Egypt [AbdRab2001d]; Iran [KozarFoZa1996, Moghad2009]; Iraq [Bodenh1943, BenDov1994, BenDov2008]; Israel [BenDov2008]; Tajikistan (=Tadzhikistan) [Borchs1949, BenDov1991, BenDov1994]; Turkmenistan [MyartsKaPo1995].

BIOLOGY: Occurring beneath the leaf sheaths at the bases of the host plant.

GENERAL REMARKS: Description and illustration of adult female by Miller & McKenzie (1970), Williams (1970DJ), Miller (1975), Williams (1985), Liu & Tao (1988), Williams & Watson (1988a), Williams & Granara de Willink (1992) and by Williams (2004a). Description and illustration of the adult male given by Miller (1975). Description and illustration of the first-instar nymph given by Miller (1975). Description and illustration of adult female by Bodenheimer (1943). Good description of the adult female given by Borchsenius (1949), Miller & McKenzie (1970) and by Ben-Dov (1991).

STRUCTURE: Body of adult female elongate oval to broadly oval. Legs short and slender with numerous translucent pores on each hind femur and tibia. Antenna short, 6 segments. Ostioles represented by Posterior pair only. Cerarri numbering six or seven pair, on the abdomen. Multilocular disc pores present on the dorsum of the abdomen and head margin, and across the abdomen and around the entire margin on the venter. Quinquelocular pores fairly abundant over the entire body. (Siriseni, et al., 2013)

SYSTEMATICS: Brevennia femoralis Borchsenius, 1949 was first synonymized with Rhizoecus cynodontis Bodenheimer, 1943, and later Ben-Dov (2008) synonymized both with Brevennia rehi.

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE AND CONTROL: This species first came to attention to agriculturists and entomologists in the United States in the late 1960s when it was discovered infesting bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) seed production crops in Arizona to such an extent that the sticky exudates produced by the mealybugs fouled the harvesting equipment (Miller and McKenzie, 1970). Reported to damage lawn grasses of Dactyloctenium australe in Israel (Ben-Dov, 2008).

KEYS: Danzig & Gavrilov-Zamin 2013: 464 (female) [A Key to the Species of the Genus Brevennia (Including Four Palaearctic Species Not Known from Russia and Adjacent Countries)]; Danzig & Gavrilov-Zamin 2012a: 787,789 (female) [Species of Brevennia]; Tang 1992: 573 (female) [Palaearctic & Oriental regions]; Williams D. J. 1970: 114 (female) [World].

CITATIONS: AbdRab2001d [distribution, biological control: 1356]; AlamAlKa1979 [host, distribution, economic importance: 20-21]; AlamBh1965 [host, distribution, life history: 121-122]; AlamKa1981 [host, distribution, economic importance: 17-26]; Ali1958 [taxonomy, description, host, distribution: 179-181]; Ali1962 [description, host, distribution: 72]; Ali1967 [taxonomy, description, host, distribution: 217]; Ali1967a [host, distribution: 33-34]; Ali1973a [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 53-55]; BackiaSu1996 [life history, ecology: 250-252]; BeheraSaRa2001 [Wolbachia, , symbiont: 1299-1300]; BenDov1991 [taxonomy, description, host, distribution: 6]; BenDov1994 [catalogue: 64,65,66,416]; BenDov2008 [taxonomy, host, distribution: 85-88]; BenDov2012 [catalogue, distribution, host: 34,]; Bodenh1943 [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 16]; Borchs1949 [taxonomy, description, host, distribution: 270-271]; Borchs1962a [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 243-244]; CABI1979a [distribution: 1]; ChenKoLi1997 [host, distribution, economic importance, life history: 49-54]; Crowe1985 [distribution]; DanzigGa2011 [taxonomy: 271]; DanzigGa2012a [illustration, taxonomy: 786, 787, 790-791]; DanzigGa2013 [description, distribution, host, taxonomy: 464-469]; Fletch1916 [taxonomy: 62]; Fletch1917a [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 177]; GopalaRaBa1987 [biological control, life history: 18]; Green1931b [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 557]; GrimshDo2007 [host, distribution, economic importance: 96-98]; HodgsoHa2013 [phylogeny, taxonomy: 797]; HuYaLi1986 [host, distribution: 10-12]; Jahn2004 [host, life history, ecology: 115-122]; JeyaraSrSa2000 [host, chemistry: 14-15]; KozarFoZa1996 [host, distribution: 64]; LakshmMaMo1988 [economic importance: 356-357]; Lindin1943a [taxonomy: 152]; Lindin1943b [taxonomy: 265]; LiuTa1988 [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 61, 62]; Maxwel1908 [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 128, 129]; Miller1973a [host, distribution: 372]; Miller1975DR [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 49-56]; MillerMc1970 [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 443,447-449,451,457]; Moghad2009 [host, distribution: 18]; Moghad2013 [description, distribution, illustration, structure, taxonomy: 13-15, 99]; Moghad2013a [distribution, host: 63]; MohammGh2008 [distribution: 154]; MyartsKaPo1995 [host, distribution: 223-225]; Prakas1988 [distribution, control: 87-97]; Ramakr1930 [host, distribution: 63]; Ramakr1941 [host, distribution: 107-113]; SiriseMaWa2013 [description, distribution, economic importance, host: 35-36]; Stocks2012 [description, distribution, economic importance, host, illustration: 1-3]; Tang1992 [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 586]; TangHaTa1992 [host, distribution: 9]; Tao1999 [taxonomy, host, distribution: 10]; Tao1999 [taxonomy, host, distribution: 26]; VanHeu1923 [host, distribution, economic importance: 42-43]; Varshn1992 [host, distribution: 39, 40]; Willia1970DJ [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 141-145]; Willia1985 [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 65, 66]; Willia2004a [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 96-99]; WilliaGr1992 [taxonomy, illustration, host, distribution: 68, 69]; WilliaRaBr1981 [taxonomy, host, distribution: 46]; WilliaWa1988a [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 23-24, 26]; Yang1982 [taxonomy, description, illustration, host, distribution: 42-44].

Return to Query Index Page
Return to ScaleNet Home Page