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Anastrepha anomoiae Norrbom
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Anastrepha anomoiae is one of three species of the serpentina group with the C- and S-bands broadly fused so that there is no hyaline area in the middle of cell br. It differs from all other known species of Anastrepha in having the proximal arm of the V-band strongly oblique, with the anterior end more proximal than the posterior end, and connected to the S-band near the middle of crossvein R-M. Crossvein DM-Cu, which is covered by this band, is also oblique in this direction or perpendicular to the long axis of the wing. The posterior end of the V-band does not extend basally along the posterior wing margin. The extremely long aculeus tip (0.86 mm long), which tapers slightly subbasally and is bluntly rounded distally, is also distinctive. The very slender distal section of the S-band, and the dark colors of the wing pattern and the darker areas of the body are additional useful diagnostic characters.
Classification and Evolutionary Relationships
Order: Diptera. Family: Tephritidae. Genus: Anastrepha. Species: anomoiae. Author: Norrbom.
Relationships among the species of Anastrepha were analyzed by Norrbom et al. (1999) and McPheron et al. (1999). Click here for more detailed discussion of Anastrepha phylogeny. Anastrepha anomoiae has been placed in the serpentina species group. Norrbom (2002) analyzed the relationships among the species of the serpentina group (see Phylogeny of the Anastrepha serpentina group) and considered Anastrepha anomoiae to be most closely related to A. pulchra Stone.
Names Used for this Species
Anastrepha anomoiae Norrbom 2002: 398.
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Holotype - Female (National Museum of Natural History (USNM), USNM00050456), COLOMBIA: Boyacá: Guaguaqui [probably Rio Guaguaqui, 5°46'N 74°29'W] [without date or collector]. Norrbom (2002) stated that the terminalia of the holotype were previously dissected and slide mounted. Abdominal segments 4-6 were damaged and mostly lost and the oviscape was broken, but the other parts of the terminalia are in good condition. The spermathecae are not on the slide and may have been lost or they may be inside the remainder of the abdomen.
Anastrepha anomoiae is known from Panama and Colombia.
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The biology of Anastrepha anomoiae is poorly known. Its host plants are unknown.
Anastrepha anomoiae is not considered a pest species.
The name of this species, a noun in apposition, is derived from the genus Anomoia, which A. anomoiae resembles in wing pattern.
Key references are listed below. See fruit fly literature database for additional references.
McPheron, B. A., H.-Y. Han, J. G. Silva & A. L. Norrbom. 1999. Phylogeny of the genera Anastrepha and Toxotrypana (Trypetinae: Toxotrypanini) based upon 16S rRNA mitochondrial DNA sequences, p. 343-361. In M. Aluja & A. L. Norrbom, eds., Fruit flies (Tephritidae): Phylogeny and evolution of behavior. CRC Press, Boca Raton.  + 944 p. [phylogeny]
Norrbom, A. L. 2002. A revision of the Anastrepha serpentina species group (Diptera: Tephritidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 104: 390-436. [p. 398, description]
Norrbom, A. L., R. A. Zucchi & V. Hernández-Ortiz. 1999. Phylogeny of the genera Anastrepha and Toxotrypana (Trypetinae: Toxotrypanini) based on morphology, p. 299-342. In M. Aluja & A. L. Norrbom, eds., Fruit flies (Tephritidae): Phylogeny and evolution of behavior. CRC Press, Boca Raton.  + 944 p. [classification & phylogeny]
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Content by Allen L. Norrbom. Last Updated: January 15, 2003.