Type Depositories By Author
One aspect of ScaleNet that has proved time consuming, but fascinating has been locating original scale material. The four links above will take you to alphabetical lists of authors who described scales and the institutions where their original material is housed. You can also go directly to the list of museums containing original scale material. A wondeful resource for those who aren't quite sure where to look begin their search is the Insect and Spider Collections of the World website created by the Bishop Museum. Their search engine allows the user to enter a city, country or a coden. Query results are even linked to the instituion web sites (if applicable).
The data were obtained from several sources:
Earlier catalogues such as those on lac scales (Kapur, 1958),
false armored scales (Ben-Dov, 1981),
soft scales (Ben-Dov, 1993) and
mealybugs (Ben-Dov, 1994) which attempted to specify the type depositories of catalogued species.
Published inventories of various collections such as those of Zoologischen Staatsinstituts und Zoologischen Museums Hamburg (Weidner & Wagner, 1968);
University of California at Davis (Miller et al., 1973);
California Department of Food & Agriculture, Sacramento (Chesi & Gill, 1976);
University of California at Riverside (Gill & Frommer, 1979);
Auburn University Coccoidea Collection (Ray et al., 1983);
Museum fur naturkunde Berlin
(Köhler & Gollner-Scheiding, 1984);
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg (Kosztarab & Rhoades, 1985 and
Kosztarab & Rhoades, 1986);
Canadian National Collection, Ottawa (Foottit & Williams 1989) and
several Brazilian collections (Claps, 1993).
Published alphabetical lists of authors and the locations of their material such as Horn & Kale, 1935, 1936 and 1937.
Online databases such as those at The University of Colorado at Boulder,
The State Museum of New York in Albany,
The U.S. National Museum of Natural History,
The Lund University Museum of Zoology, Lund, Sweden.
Correspondence with systematists in other countries.
Examination of the literature.
This list contains the primary depositories (when known) and, whenever possible, other museums that contain several of the author’s types. We have not attempted to list all locations where the types of an author reside.
NOTE: This list contains only the senior authors of scale-insect species. If species were described by Smith & Jones and Jones did not describe any species independently, nor was he ever the senior author (Jones & Smith), then Jones is not included, the location of their material is treated under Smith. For example, several new Ortheziidae have recently been described by Kozár & Konczné Benedicty. Since the junior author has not been the senior author of any species, all material by Kozár & Konczné Benedicty is treated under Kozár
We hope missing and incorrect data will be pointed out to us so that future editions of this list will be more comprehensive. Should you have any supplementary information, please send it to Dug Miller.
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