The Bibliography component of ScaleNet was originally compiled by Diane Houston and was updated from 1995 to 2005 by Karen Veilleux (Blacksburg, Virginia). From 2005 to March 2011 this section of ScaleNet was supplemented and updated by Yair Ben-Dov.
Towards the end of 2010 Yair finalized the splitting of Margarodidae sensu lato into 11 families according to the modern classification of this group.
The Coccoidea superfamily is currently divided into 47 families. Yair Ben-Dov and his team were responsible for updating 29 families and half of the family Diaspididae, as listed here: Aclerdidae, Arnoldidae, Asterolecaniidae, Beesoniidae, Callipappidae, Carayonemidae, Coccidae, Coelostomidiidae, Conchaspididae, Dactylopiidae, Diaspididae (Aspidiotinae and Odonaspidinae), Grohnidae, Hammanococcidae, Kerriidae, Kuwaniidae, Lebanococcidae, Lecanodiaspididae, Lithuanicoccidae, Marchalinidae, Margarodidae, Matsucoccidae, Monophlebidae, Pennygullanidae, Pityococcidae, Pseudococcidae, Serafinidae, Steingeliidae, Stigmacoccidae, Weitschatidae and Xylococcidae.
Because of some vision problems Yair Ben-Dov was reluctantly obliged to quit his major input into the updating and improvement of ScaleNet, and the mission of ScaleNet is now in the hands of Dug Miller and Barbara Denno. Yair personally trusts and wishes that both of them will proceed in the task of updating ScaleNet for the benefit of all.
Yair Ben-Dov is one of the founders of ScaleNet and he has organized and entered the majority of the information that is found on this website. Yair has recently had problems with his vision and, therefore, he has discontinued his significant data input for ScaleNet. We all owe him a major debt of gratitude for his efforts for the good of the scientific community. About two and a half years ago, Barbara Denno volunteered to take over data entry from the American side of the project and has served as the webmaster since that time. When Yair found it necessary to discontinue his participation, Barbara took over the data entry for all of the scale insect families and the reference data. Although dug Miller assists by answering Barbara's questions, Barbara Denno's efforts comprise 99% of the continued development of ScaleNet. We owe her a major debt of gratitude also.
July 26, 2010
December 17, 2008
The last publication from the initial round of data entry in ScaleNet is the second half of the Diaspididae which was completed by Maren Gimpel and Dug Miller in collaboration with Y. Ben-Dov, G. A. P. Gibson, & A. Rung. It will be available in early 2009 and is titled “A systematic catalog of the armored scale subfamilies Diaspidinae, Leucaspidinae, and Ulucoccinae of the World. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. Vol 81 (nos. 1 & 2), 1312 pp. When it is printed it will be available from AEI by email at email@example.com or by mail to Dr David Wahl, American Entomological Institute, 3005 SW 56th Avenue, Gainesville, FL 32608-5047 USA.
January 15, 2005
We have nearly finished the expert system on scale families. It can be accessed through ScaleNet or at
The most recent publication resulting from the ScaleNet initiative is A Systematic catalogue of the Diaspididae (armoured scale insects) of the world, subfamilies Aspidiotinae, Comstockiellinae and Odonaspidinae by Y. Ben-Dov and V. German 2003. It is available from Intercept Ltd of Andover, U.K. This is the second in a series of catalogues resulting from ScaleNet. It is available online or the publisher can be reached as follows:
Volumes that will be coming out in the next few months are the Margarodidae, the Asterolecaniidae, a volume on the Cerococcidae, Halimococcidae, Kermesidae, Micrococcidae, Ortheziidae, Phenacoleachiidae, Phoenicococcidae, and Stictococcidae, and the other half of the armored scales.
February 11, 2003
We have written two grant proposals to complete the retrospective data entry process and to add character information and images for the first time.
November 6, 2002
A contract with Jane Lemmer (now Laroussi) from Carson & Associates has just been completed. The work completed included documentation activities that have made life easier without Maren. Some items that might be noticeable in using the query system are: 1) the option not to show detail in the Region Query (i.e., if you want a synoptic list of the species that occur in Australia, you can select the "no" button for "show all subunit records" and you will receive only one record for each species not all of the records for each state (this option is available if you select the "yes' button); 2) a temporary warning that certain queries may take a long time to complete; 3) the cursor is automatically placed in the first field of a query; 4) the valid name query has been altered to more effectively deal with names in the categories of incertae sedis, nomen nudum that is unplaced, taxon removed from a family, and unclassified species that have no valid genus in the family where they currently are placed.
August 16, 2002
In addition to the new Diaspididae data, we have updated the Orthezidae and also the references which now number over 16,660!
July 3, 2002
May 31, 2002
Small changes have been made to the Links page as well as to the Background information page. A full update of ScaleNet is planned for late June, 2002.
April 15, 2002
April 5, 2002
March 25, 2002
Updated versions of Cerococcidae, Eriococcidae, Halimococcidae, Kermesidae, Micrococcidae, Orthezidae, Phenacoleachidae, Phoenicococcidae and Stictococcidae have been placed online. Also, updated references now include over 16,200 entries. Thanks to Karen Veilleux for tireless work on this aspect of ScaleNet! Updated versions of some additional families expected within the month.
A Systematic catalogue of the Eriococcidae (felt scales) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of the world is still available from Intercept Ltd of Andover, U.K. We intend for this to be the first in a series of hard-copy catalogues resulting from ScaleNet. It is available online or the publisher can be reached as follows: